It’s not a prank – PLANTS HAVE BRAINS.
That’s a scientific fact now.
The evolutionary lineage of plants is not only long but also unexpected. 450 million years ago, the evolution of land plants took place but older than trees is sharks; until the Cretaceous Period, flowers did not appear, and in the same way, grass started developing only 40 million years ago.
How and when did plants develop a brain?
Plants have developed some unbelievable character traits in that time, and a “brain” possibly will also be one of them. This is revealed by a new study commanded by the University of Birmingham that plant’s brain may not be the one in the same sense that is in animals, but it can be a series of cells which are acting as a center for command of sorts.
Why don’t we see a brain in plants?
Even though plants have brain, we don’t see it. Why?
These cells have been discovered within plant embryos, and have been found to make major decisions in terms of the life cycle of a plant. Germination is something that needs to be timed perfectly so as to avoid appearing too early in a cold winter or too late in a warm summer that makes the plants be occupied by too much flora to compete. This germination is triggered by these cells which are their most significant function.
Plants have brain – Let’s explore the plant brain
Now that you have digested the new discovery that plants have brain, let’s find out what it looks like and how it works.
The researchers, while writing in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found these all-important cells for the first time within a plant and these are called Arabidopsis, also commonly called thale cress. The command center is split into two types of cell. One is the cell type that boosts seeds to remain dormant and other one is the cell type that starts the germination.
Brain activity in plants
Nerve cells within the brains use hormones to communicate; and in the same way, these cells evaluate the environmental conditions around them and decide that when it is the best time to begin the birthing process, so to express. In plant embryos, to observe this in real-time is extremely hard. So, to foresee that how the biological procedures will disclose in the most common scenarios, the team relied on mathematical demonstrating.
The team then used a genetically adapted form of the thale cress plant when they derived the deduction that this hormonal exchange was controlling the germination process. This was done in order to make sure that the cells were more conspicuously interrelated.
In this way, the team spotted the command center cells talking to each other by the movement of hormones between the cells which was showed up more.
The lead author Professor George Bassel said in a statement that their work revealed a crucial parting between the components within a plant decision-making center.
Why plants have two command center cells (the brain)?
So the question arises that why plants have two types of the cell rather than one? According to the team, having two types of cells means that they can have a different “opinion” of the environmental circumstances around them – and only when a consensus has been arrived at, then the germination occurs.
Dr. Iain Johnston who is a bio-mathematician involved in the study, further said that this is the alteration between reading one critic’s review of a film four times over or amalgamating the views of four different critics before deciding to go to the cinema. They form the “Rotten Tomatoes” average score together.
So plants act like they do have brains even when technically they do not have them.